Senior Honors Thesis Presentation: "The Prime Graphs of Some Classes of Finite Groups"

Speaker: David Shen, Washington University in Saint Louis

Abstract: In this paper, we study prime graphs of finite groups. The \textit{prime graph} of a finite group $G$, also known as the Gruenberg-Kegel graph, is the graph with vertex set \{primes dividing $|G|$\} and an edge $p$-$q$ if and only if there exists an element of order $pq$ in $G$. In finite group theory, studying the prime graph of a group has been an important topic for the past almost half century. Only recently prime graphs of solvable groups have been characterized in graph theoretical terms only. In this paper, we continue this line of research and give complete characterizations of several classes of groups, including groups of square-free order, metanilpotent groups, groups of cube-free order, and, for any $n\in \mathbb{N}$, solvable groups of $n^\text{th}$-power-free order.\\
We also explore the prime graphs of groups whose composition factors are cyclic or $A_5$ and draw connections to a conjecture of Maslova. We then propose an algorithm that recovers the prime graph from a dual prime graph.

Host: Xiang Tang

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